Science and technology: Training in research and Development

Desarrollo Sustentable

With the training of 10 scientists in two years in the areas of biotechnology, this project carried out by the Ministry of Science and Technology of Argentina and the Ministry of Science and Technology of Mozambique, seeks to strengthen the scientific System of Mozambique through the transfer of knowledge to Mozambican in courses of high Technology for the generation and implementation of programs and projects of biotechnology.

Mozambique seeks to avoid that scientists and researchers run away from the country. Thus, the institutions of scientific research and high education have sought the way of increasing the number of trainers and researchers through programs of exchange with foreign countries.

This exchange of knowledge is offered by the Argentine-Brazilian Biotechnology Center (CABBIO) in Argentina.

The officials’ training in these subjects will contribute, not only supporting the scientific research and high education in Mozambique, but it will also allow that professionals know the possibilities our country offers in this matter developing projects of economical and social interest for them.

During the first year of implementation of the project, five exchange stages or missions were implemented, as a result of which Mozambican professionals were trained in our country. The first such stage began in October 2012, with the arrival in the country of two Mozambican experts to be trained in biotechnology, through the Course “From Genes to Proteins: Introduction to the Global Analysis of Gene Expression”, offered by the Argentine-Brazilian Biotechnology Centre (CABBIO). The course included classes in theory and practical lab classes. The aim of this stage was to transfer general knowledge about this new area of study by teaching the most recent principles and techniques for studying genomics and gene expression.

At the second stage, which took place in December 2012, a Mozambican official attended the Course “Sustainable Bioprocesses”, taught by experts of the National University of Quilmes. On that occasion, instructors addressed in detail a programme based on the preservation and sustainable use of biodiversity, with a view to understanding demographic dynamics, germplasm preservation, resource management, natural design, and implementation of agroforestry and bioremediation systems.

The third stage —September 2013— focused on insect pathology. The Mozambican scientist who travelled to Argentina analyzed, together with his peers from other countries, embryo biotechnology aimed at animal improvement, genetic resource preservation, drug development and embryonic stem cell production.

At the fourth stage, a Mozambican professional attended a course on fungal metabolites, which combined autonomous study, including experimental development of scale bioprocesses, with the final retrieval of useful metabolites. Furthermore, discussions on specific cases addressed throughout the course were promoted and the analysis of scientific works was incorporated in order to stimulate debate and learning.

The fifth stage of the project consisted in a specially-designed intensive training course. In this case, the Mozambican professional travelled to Mar del Plata with a view to working on the analysis of disease-causing etiological agents in insects that are used as biological control agents, as well as the analysis of interactions between pathogens and hosts, the development and management of resistance to pathogens and biotechnological applications.

Upon completion of the first year of joint work with Mozambique and after training ten professionals from that country in Argentina with the aim set by the African Government of strengthening its scientific-technological system, the training obtained in Argentina is incorporated into the daily activities carried out by Mozambican officials in their work, for the fundamental purpose of improving the quality of life of the inhabitants of that country.